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Setting up a free server in Oracle Cloud

Oracle Cloud offers a free tier that includes a beefy ARM64 virtual server. with lots of RAM. If you forgo the two “micro instances” you can have an Ampere (ARM64) virtuals server with 4 cores and 24 GB of RAM for free.

Creating the instance

After you've signed up for Oracle Cloud you need to create your server instance. The dashboard is huge, confusing and full of enterprise features.

Start at the “Compute” section and choose “Instances”.

Compute section

Then click “Create instance”.

Name

Create instance

Give a name to the instance and leave the availability domain at whatever it is. You'll need to use the same availability domain for the block storage later, so remember it.

Shape and image

Edit “Image and shape”. You want an Ampere instance, so set the check box next to “VM.Standard.A1.Flex”. Then enter 4 OCPUs and 24 GB of RAM.

You could probably go higher, but then you'll pay after the trial period. So keep it to the 4 OCPUs and 24 GB of RAM setting, which is within the free tier.

The image doesn't matter much, since you can replace it later; Ubuntu or Oracle Linux are both fine.

Networking

Create instance

Under “Networking” you can leave everything as-is, but I like to set “Do not assign a private DNS record”.

SSH

Create instance

Now paste a prepared SSH public key into the text field.

Create instance

Creating a SSH key

If you don't already have one ready, install PuTTY and start PuTTYgen.

PuTTYgen

Click “Generate”, move the mouse a bit, and then use the highlighted text as your SSH key in the Oracle Cloud dashboard. You should also save it in a text file somewhere.

PuTTYgen

PuTTY saves the private key in its own format, that other tools won't be able to handle. So select “Conversions” – “Export OpenSSH key” and save the private key in OpenSSH format.

Don't lose that private key!

If you later need the public key again, but didn't save it, you can always load the private key (from PuTTY's own file format) and see the public key again in the top field.

PuTTYgen

Finish

Click “Create” and after a short waiting time your instance is provisioned and ready.

Create instance

Creating block storage

Your instance has got a boot volume (think: virtual hard disk) of 50 GB. You can change that value, but I keep it at the default value.

The free tier allows you 200 GB, so let's use the missing 150GB!

Go to the “Storage” section and select “Block Volumes”.

Storage

Give the new block volume a name. Make sure the availability domain is the same as when you created your instance.

Create a block volume

Select “Custom” and change the size from the default value 50 to 150. Everything else is fine.

Create a block volume

Now go back to your instance. In the lower left menu click “Attached block volumes” and then “Attach block volume”.

Attach a block volume

Select your newly created block volume and click “Attach”.

Attach a block volume

Configure networking

On to “Networking”! Oracle has a default access list that blocks some traffic that you want to get rid of.

If you've chosen Ubuntu as your image, don't you'll need to follow the instruction in Firewall in Oracle Cloud later.

Networking

Select the vcn (that was created automatically).

Networking

And the subnet within.

Networking

Within the subnet is a “Default Security List”. Click on it and “Add Ingree Rule”

Networking

Add an ingress rule that allows everything: Source CIDR is 0.0.0.0/0, protocol is “TCP” leave port range free.

Networking

The rules should now look like this:

Networking

Done (for now)

You now have a working instance with 150GB of block storage, but it needs to be connected in Linux, as well, and then mounted.

Login

You can log in to your instance using your SSH key now. For Ubuntu you log in as root, for Oracle Linux you'll use the user name opc.

Take the public IP address from your instance

Login

and put it into the “Host Name” field in PuTTY:

Login

Under “Connection”, “Data”, “Auto-login username” enter “opc” for Oracle Linux or “ubuntu” for Ubuntu Linux.

Login

Under “Auth”, “Private key-file” browse and enter your SSH key, that you created under Creating a SSH key in OpenSSH format.

Login

Now back to the “Session” section, enter a name and click “Save” to the right.

Login

Now you can “Open” the connection to your server.

Mounting block storage

The 150 GB block volume you've created needs to be activated and mounted in Linux.

Go back to your instance in the Oracle Cloud dashboard, and in the lower left select “Attached block volumes”.

Mounting block storage

You will find your “bv150” volume there. Click ob the three dots to the right of the entry.

Mounting block storage

Select “iSCSI commands & information”, expand the “Linux” part and copy the commands under “Connect”.

Back to your PuTTY connection to your server. Log in and enter those commands.

Going further

There are several steps I usually do, but those won't be documented here anytime soon: fdisk (probably /dev/sdb), create partition, format (mkfs.ext4), look up UUID with blkid, then enter into fstab with “defaults,_netdev,nofail 0 2”.

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